The basics of healthy digestion are laid in dogs at an early age. On how the puppy will eat, its immunity, exterior and even character depend. Each period of growing up requires a special approach in the preparation of the menu, in accordance with the general principles of making rations and taking into account the individual characteristics of the breed.
To figure out how to feed a French bulldog puppy, it is worth stocking up with information about the breed itself.
Features of the breed French Bulldog
French bulldogs are small stocky dogs weighing 12-14 kg, with short hair with an unexpressed undercoat, a special structure of a flat muzzle and a predisposition to cardiac pathologies, osteochondrodysplasia, eye diseases and a violation of the gastrointestinal tract.
This companion dog now belongs to the decorative breeds and spends most of the time on the couch. In feeding, one should adhere to the principle: sufficient daily loads require high-calorie nutrition, a passive lifestyle - reduce the nutritional value of the diet.
Features of the anatomy and lifestyle of French bulldogs often lead to rapid weight gain, or its loss, so the diet should correspond to the loads.
It so happened that out of once strong and healthy dogs that were able to hunt and protect human property, we got a pampered creature with a tendency to impaired metabolism and poor immunity. Nutrition plays a very important role in raising a French bulldog puppy.
Even before the puppy appears in the house, it is worth worrying about the arrangement of his personal "kitchen".
Choosing a feeding place and dishes
When the puppy is still too small (under the age of 1 month), he is fed from a saucer or flat plate, which is placed in a place where no one can disturb the baby or turn over its bowl. It is desirable that the chosen place be stationary, where the puppy will eat, being an adult dog.
Crockery for a puppy of a French bulldog is selected by age and changes as necessary. Bowls can be made of different materials - chrome or ceramic, but of the same shape - wide and with low sides. The “Frenchman” has a flat muzzle, and is uncomfortable with eating from deep and high plates. Puppies like to play with dishes, so it’s better if it is heavy (in any case, a bowl of water).
It is most convenient to install the dishes in a special holder (such designs are sold everywhere) so that the dog does not overturn bowls of food and water. Countertops with two holes are also popular, or you can cut a circle in a regular board and put a bowl there.
How to feed a french bulldog puppy
Like any other dog, the diet of French bulldogs should consist of products containing animal protein, at least 60-70%. For growth of the skeleton, development of organs and systems of the body, puppies need a protein - a supplier of important amino acids and other substances for the normal functioning of the body.
At different periods of growth, puppies are fed differently, gradually expanding the range of products and changing the regime. Weather conditions also affect the menu - in the winter season and depending on the living conditions (low temperature in the room), the puppy needs more calories and it is advisable to adjust the diet.
Regardless of the age and type of diet, puppies are fed according to a clear scheme that allows the gastrointestinal tract to work and only a certain type of food from the allowed list.
There are several types of food that you need to familiarize yourself with in order to understand how and how to feed a French bulldog puppy.
French Bulldog Natural Diet
A natural diet, or homemade food, is one way to make a dog happy and healthy if you use high-quality and fresh products prepared with the benefit of the body when creating the menu.
What the menu consists of is written in the table.
|type of product||Ingredients||Cooking nuances||Feeding frequency|
|Meat||Beef, veal, turkey, stock chicken, rabbit||The meat is frozen, thawed and scalded with a piece for 3-5 minutes. Broth is made from bones||Daily|
|Heart, liver, scar, kidney, udder||Boiled||1-2 times a week|
|Sea fish||Pink salmon, haddock, cod, hake||Boiled||1-2 times a week|
|Milk||Bough, industrial substitutes, natural cow or goat||Pasteurized or boiled (mixes are prepared according to the instructions)||Daily|
|Sour-milk products||Cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, narine, acidophilus||Homemade, grocery or self-made||Daily|
|Eggs||Chicken, quail||In the form of scrambled eggs or boiled. Raw - Quail Yolks||2 times per week|
|Cereals||Buckwheat, rice, hercules||In the form of cereals||Daily|
|Vegetables, fruits and berries||Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, broccoli, carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, cucumber, apple, bananas, pears, gooseberries, currants||Raw grated vegetables, whole berries||Daily|
|Greenery||Parsley, celery, dill, tops from carrots, young beets, young nettles (dried in winter), dandelion leaves||Finely chopped, added to porridge or meat||Daily|
|Goodies||Raw veal ribs, pieces of hard cheese, fruit, yeast-free crackers or bread||Goodies - Natural or Special Purchased||Daily|
|Oil and fat||Butter and vegetable oils: sunflower, olive, corn, linseed. Fish fat||In kind, in porridge or vegetables||Daily|
|Water||Any decent quality||Not boiled||Around the clock|
The proportions of nutrients in the diet of a French bulldog puppy (given the standard needs of a dog with a normal level of activity):
- Proteins and fat - 70-80%: meat, offal, fish, eggs, milk and dairy products.
- Carbohydrates - 15-20%: cereals from permitted cereals.
- Fiber - 10%: vegetables, fruits.
The puppy's diet should contain all the necessary nutrients to ensure harmonious growth and development. It is wrong to feed the dog only meat or only cereals.
Feeding a puppy with natural products begins at the age of 2 weeks, if this is due to objective reasons. If the kids suck their mother, and there is enough milk - complementary foods can begin later (closer to a month).
The natural type of feeding has its pros and cons. The undoubted advantages are:
- "Transparency" menu. Being the compiler of the diet, the owner knows with accuracy what the dog eats and independently controls the process.
- High nutritional value of the feed: if feeding is well-established, the puppy gets the maximum benefit from this type of nutrition.
- Dogs like natural food (especially meat) because it is natural for them.
Perhaps the only drawback of feeding a puppy homemade food is the need to spend a lot of time in the kitchen, because the puppy's food is prepared fresh and not stored for longer than a day. However, in order to save time, adherents of the natural type of nutrition came up with the idea to cook special "meat porridges" from cereals cooked in meat broths with pieces of meat, packaged in small portions and stored in the freezer.
Although the French Bulldogs have rather sensitive digestion, feeding with prepared diets is not contraindicated if high quality feeds are chosen for the menu.
There is a huge amount of dry and wet products on the industrial food market, but only a few can provide a French bulldog puppy with high-quality nutrition and taste good.
Unfortunately, it is only empirically possible to determine what kind of food the pet will like (and the manufacturers produce small packages to help the owners), however, there are general criteria for choosing food for a Frenchman puppy:
- It should be high-calorie: the ratio of animal proteins to fats is 30% / 20%.
- The feed takes into account breed features and minimizes the risk factor for pathologies. This concept includes a special form of granules, and a strict balance of nutrients for the health of the intestinal flora, and special substances for the health of joints, quality of the coat, fatty acids for visual acuity and a special formula for maintaining the functioning of the heart muscle.
- Ingredient composition will guarantee a high content of meat products: meat products are listed in the top lines in the list of feed components.
- With good feeds, all components are deciphered, and when reading the composition there are no questions left over which meat of which particular animal was used in production and in what form it went into processing (raw, hydrolyzed). The best source of raw materials is fresh meat.
- All preservatives or flavorings are of natural origin (oil, plant extracts, berries).
- There are no components that reduce the cost of feed - soy, wheat. Corn is a controversial source of carbohydrates, but some dogs tolerate it well.
- Quality nutrition includes a complete vitamin and mineral complex.
From the point of view of the conditional breakdown of feed into classes, which all sellers and breeders are aware of, it’s worth starting a super premium diet with a diet for French Bulldog.
The beginning of feeding with dry feed occurs at the age of 3 weeks, but the producers took care of the babies left without mother's milk: there are always substitutes (for the type of baby food) and industrial cereals on sale.
As a rule, the smallest pets are offered food called a "starter", "first lure" or simply "for puppies from 3 weeks old."
From the point of view of the validity of feeding puppies with ready-made diets - they, of course, were a breakthrough for dog owners experiencing an acute shortage of free time. Good-quality industrial food will not harm the puppy, provide him with harmonious growth and development, allow him not to think about feeding and buying vitamins, and a wide range of tastes will help diversify the pet's menu.
The disadvantages of this method of feeding is the high probability of an unsuccessful diet choice in the absence of the ability to determine the product class. Feeding with cheap and "empty" diets leads to health problems, which are very difficult to solve: as a rule, a puppy has to be transferred to a "natural" and undergo a long rehabilitation course.
One of the best indicators of feed quality is its high energy component and the small amount of daily portion (in comparison with a similar product of another brand). The amount of feces will also be indicative: when feeding high-digestible diets with high digestibility, the "yield" of the product is extremely small.
A mixed diet is a combination in the daily menu of both natural products and prepared feeds. It is undesirable to feed French bulldog puppies in this way: their sensitivity to food components is often manifested when mixing rations, and digestive upset is the smallest nuisance from a bunch of possible problems.
Sample menu of a French bulldog by age
When preparing a sample menu for a French bulldog puppy by age, you need to have an idea of the aspects of feeding dogs at different stages of development. Each age is characterized by a special diet, because the digestive system of puppies “learns” to work with new food every day and produces the appropriate enzymes for processing products.
Important! All new ingredients on the menu are given one at a time, in micro doses, and at the beginning of the introduction of the first complementary foods, the diet is limited to only a few products.
As for feeding standards, there is no single value for all puppies. The daily norm is determined rather by eye and in accordance with the puppy’s state of appetite: if the puppy is constantly hungry, the portion is increased, if he leaves food in a bowl, the portion is made smaller. Average daily feeding rates for puppies - 8% of the weight of the pet.
An exception is industrial feed, a single portion of which for a small puppy is several granules. Visually, it may seem that the amount of feed is clearly not enough, but it swells inside and increases several times in volume.
Remember! You should strictly adhere to the standards presented by the manufacturer on the package and change the serving size only on the basis of the daily gain in pet weight.
No matter what the puppy eats, there should always be clean water in his diet.
French Bulldog feeding up to 1 month old
At the age of one month, puppies are treated with mother's milk. If there are a lot of puppies in the litter or the bitch has a low lactation, you should start feeding the babies. The first products appear in the menu:
- Meat scraped with a knife from a large piece (beef, veal).
- Calcined cottage cheese: 2 tbsp. l calcium chloride is added to 1 liter of whole milk at the boiling stage. Once it is curdled, the contents are filtered. The whey obtained in the process has good nutritional properties and is also part of the menu.
- Egg yolk.
- Porridge - rice and hercules, cooked in milk, with a drop of butter.
In the early stages of life, if the mother’s milk is not enough, or if it’s not at all, the puppies are fed with special industrial mixtures for dogs (baked milk and cereal substitutes), and they are also prepared on their own based on goat or cow milk with the addition of condensed milk or honey, yolk and cream. Milk should be fat and sweet. Also suitable for the puppy are diet curds from a series of baby food.
Food for small puppies is made warm and liquid.
It is good if the bitch has the opportunity to feed the baby: in this case, he is first fed natural food, and then put on the nipples. Ready-made feeds are bought from the "starter" series and the granules are initially soaked with water to the state of gruel.
Newborn puppies under the age of 2 weeks should eat around the clock, every 2-3 hours, and after - 6 times a day.
Every day, the puppy gets acquainted with new products: at the age of 1 month, an omelet appears on the menu, cereals are cooked in broths (preferably “second”), boiled pieces of meat or chicken are added to the porridge, and cottage cheese can be given in-store. In addition to yogurt, they are given fermented baked milk and other sour milk, greens and grated raw vegetables with butter are gradually introduced into the diet, which can be mixed with raw meat or added to porridge.
The meat must be cut into slices, and most of it should be fed to the puppy raw. Buckwheat is added from the cereals and the cereals themselves alternate or are prepared in mixtures. Hercules is not cooked at this time, but is steamed in hot milk or broth.
Dry food is bought by age, choosing a product for puppies of medium breeds or French bulldogs. At the age of one month, puppies are also given wet food: canned food, mousses, pastes and spiders.
As a treat, puppies on any type of feeding can be given slices of apples, carrots or hard cheese.
Monthly puppies are fed 5-6 times a day.
At the age of 2 months, toddlers of the French bulldog already add boneless cooked fish to their usual diet, not forgetting to take into account its amount in the total amount of protein. In addition to quail eggs, you can also give chicken, but they are subjected to heat treatment (including yolk), like chicken meat.
Dogs benefit from "coarse" meat, where there is a stiff connective tissue - the peritoneum or flank, pieces from the lower leg. Puppies are not given minced meat, but cut meat into slices.The meat is mixed with raw grated carrots, apples or cucumbers, boiled cabbage, stewed zucchini. Vegetables are flavored with linseed or other oil.
Curd give calcined or purchased, an assortment of fermented milk products - any products. If there is a need, the puppy is fed. From the delicacies, you can add crackers from brown bread, fresh drying and dried apricots.
Dry food is offered from the series "for puppies of medium breeds from 2 months", the menu alternates with canned food (which can not be mixed with granules in one feeding). Dry food is not soaked with water. In the industrial food series there are many treats for dogs with which you can pamper your pets on any type of feeding.
Two-month-old puppies are fed 4-5 times a day.
The menu of the 3 month old puppy already has all kinds of meat, fish, eggs, cereals, fruits and vegetables. Berries are also beneficial for puppies as a source of vitamins and a way to diversify their diet. The wider the assortment of the growing baby, the less picky he will be in food when he grows up.
Porridge boil less liquid, gradually reduce portions of kefir, compensating for the protein with meat. When cooking broths after their cooling, you can remove fat from the surface, save it in the freezer and give it a little puppy as a valuable source of energy. At this age, the puppy can occasionally be given meat bones - this contributes to the change of milk teeth and the development of jaw muscles.
Dry rations are still selected with a high level of calories, based on the appearance of the pet. Kids at this age are rarely obese, but excessive thinness is a common occurrence in bulldog puppies, which is offset by an increase in caloric intake.
Feeding regimen of the "French" at the age of 3 months - 4 times a day.
Closer to six months, the usual menu is replenished with offal. You should be careful: raw liver often causes upset stools in dogs, and boiled “goes” not for everyone. Offal, like meat, is cut in pieces, but is given once a week. It is also useful to include brown unpolished rice in the diet.
At the age of 4-6 months, pet preferences are already obvious. Some dogs are left with one type of meat in the diet, while others are happy to eat everything in a row. Not only taste preference matters, but also external signs: the quality of the coat, the condition of the skin, the activity of the dog and the "character" of the stool.
The type of dry diet does not change up to six months if the puppy is in good health. If it leaves much to be desired, it is necessary to consult with a veterinarian about a change in feed - in the line of industrial diets there are many diets for all occasions.
Puppies at the age of six months are fed 3 times a day.
From 6 months to 1 year
The diet of a puppy from the age of 6 months to 1 year includes all products from the allowed list, including treats and top dressing. Such a menu, nevertheless, is average, and it will be correct to contact the breeder at the stage of acquiring a pet in order to ask what dogs are usually fed in the kennel.
If the feeding method is optimal and outwardly all the dogs of the kennel look good, then it is logical to leave this type for your puppy. In case of a change in the diet, the puppy is transferred to a new feeding gradually, within 2-3 weeks.
In adolescence, the puppy does not need liquid food, so soups are removed from the menu, gradually leaving meat and porridge with vegetables. All proteins that have "left" the diet must be compensated not with carbohydrates, but with meat and sour-milk products. Milk at this age is poorly absorbed in dogs, and it is also removed.
In the segment of ready-made feed, they choose food "for juniors" or "puppies of medium breeds from 4 months to a year."
Closer to a year, the puppies are left with morning and evening feeding. The exception is special cases: pet weakness, recovery period, individual metabolism.
Vitamins and Supplements
Vitamin complexes and supplements for a French Bulldog puppy can be purchased at the pet store. They are given as necessary (if natural nutrition cannot provide the baby with all the useful substances due to an unbalanced composition), but it is worth remembering: an excess of minerals and vitamins is more dangerous than a lack.
Good quality dry feeds already include a vitamin-mineral complex and do not require additional nutrition in the diet.
Without water, no body system can function. The lack of water in the diet (especially industrial) leads to the appearance of serious pathologies in the dog, which develop gradually and may be undetected in the early stages.
A puppy should not be restricted in water: care should be taken to ensure that the pet can always drink whenever it wants. The habit of drinking is instilled from childhood, as well as food. Water must be changed at least 3 times a day and used only in good quality. In tap water there is nothing to worry about if it is being purified and it is possible, for example, to wash fruits in it.
Prohibited foods for French Bulldog
People and dogs have different physiologies and abilities to digest food. Some products are extremely undesirable on the puppy’s menu, and some can be fatal.
The prohibited products for the French Bulldog are:
- pastries, chocolate;
- tubular and boiled bones;
- salt, sugar;
- smoked meats and pickles;
- cat industrial feed.
In order for the pet to be cheerful and healthy, to develop harmoniously and not need frequent visits to the veterinarian, it should be properly fed, given an age-optimal load and excluded handouts from the table.