In many territories of the post-Soviet space, the news that animals will have to pay taxes is perceived with hostility. What can I say, such events in China not so long ago led to the mass killing of dogs by their owners. However, many countries keep the "course" on taxing animal owners. Why, for what and why lovers of tetrapods should pay? Let's figure it out!
What are the taxes from pet owners
For many owners, the main reason for introducing taxes on keeping pets is a surprise. Without understanding, the owners believe that the state is cashing in on their love for animals. In some countries, tax programs have been introduced, but do not work, because they have not passed a number of mandatory preparatory steps.
So, for which animals do owners pay taxes? The list is quite long, but mostly we are talking about pets that can live in an apartment:
- Invertebrates (except for bees and bumblebees, mollusks and crustaceans).
- Decorative aquatic animals.
- Bird (except agricultural).
For what needs do taxpayer funds "go":
- Shelters for dogs and cats. Homeless animals do not fall from the sky, people throw them out onto the street. It is logical that the content of discarded animals rests with the owners of the animals. This is how social pressure is created in favor of mass sterilization of non-breeding animals.
- Municipal veterinary clinics. The prices are preferential, but there are no free services.
- Payment of insurance claims. Yes, in developed countries, animals are insured against injuries, accidents, etc.
- Equipment and maintenance of sites for walking and / or training animals. This is not just about dogs. Ferrets, cats and rodents also walk.
- Annual rabies vaccination. Vaccination for other viral diseases is carried out at the expense of the owners.
- Paperwork, registration and maintenance of the pet registration database. This is the so-called administrative, the most "gluttonous" part of the cost. At the same time, this aspect can be called the most important, since the owner of each animal can be established by an individual chip or other signs.
In developed countries, there are tax subsidies. For example, in Holland, the state pays allowance to owners who have taken special dogs (more than 2) from the shelter. Subsidies are awarded to people who take service dogs-pensioners to survive.
How are animal taxation programs adopted?
So that the introduction of taxes for animals does not become a shock to owners and an occasion for rash actions, the state apparatus introduces the program in parts (at least, this was done in countries where these programs work):
- Preparation of the administrative part. The law and rules on keeping animals are adopted; a common register of animals is created; sectional measures are being developed for owners who violate the rules of keeping pets.
- Airbag preparation. Police officers are trained and legislation is amended. Quarantine sites and / or shelters open in key populated areas.
- "Launch" of the law on compulsory registration and sterilization of domestic animals.
- Adoption of a program for the regulation of animal numbers. There are three options: WWS (trapping, sterilization, vaccination, return to the habitat); irrevocable trapping and partial accommodation in shelters; trapping and euthanasia.
It is interesting! In many countries, for example, in Germany, Holland, Canada, instead of universal sterilization, a moratorium on breeding animals was introduced, regardless of their breed value. The purpose of the moratorium is to create a deficit of animals and "raise" their value for people.
With the successful implementation of the program, the number of stray animals is rapidly declining within 4-7 years. When dogs, cats and other animals become a value in society, the time comes for the next stage - the introduction of taxation and toughening responsibility.
Which countries already have animal taxes
Animal taxation has already been introduced in many developed countries:
- EU: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, United Kingdom, Hungary, Germany, Spain, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Sweden. In other EU countries, taxation programs for animal owners are registered or at the implementation stage.
It is interesting! Against the background of annual tax payments, pet owners are liable (including criminal) for the welfare of pets.
If you want to get an animal, you should contact the department of improvement, where they will check:
- Your biography.
- Credit history.
- Ability to pay taxes.
After you get permission to keep the animal. Moreover, the inspection authorities may decide that you can get a hamster, but not a dog. Further, if you received permission to get a dog or cat, you need to choose a pet in the shelter, take courses teaching the rules of keeping and sign an agreement (with the shelter, that is, with the state).
Potential owners of "dangerous" dogs need to register at a local police station and pay higher taxes. A separate permission is obtained for the dog. In addition, the owner agrees to undergo a training course with the pet. If you want to breed animals, the training period can last up to a year. In addition, permits from a local breed club will be required.