Reproductive system diseases in domestic animals are commonplace. The problem is that the owners rarely go to the veterinarian, since far from all cases understand what is happening. Many of these diseases can cause not only infertility, but also more dangerous pathologies. A great example is inflammation of the prostate in a cat. In especially neglected cases, it may well lead to diffuse peritonitis and death.
What it is?
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate.. In more than 90% of cases, this is the result of an undetected and untreated infection. In particular, an abscess of the prostate can lead to such an outcome. If the body is weakened, and cannot prevent the development of an abscess, in the end the bacteria firmly settle in the tissues of the organ. To make matters worse, such abscesses often have a tendency to uncontrolled growth: sooner or later the walls of the cavity do not stand up, it literally “explodes” from the inside, pus abundantly fills the abdominal cavity. A logical result is diffuse peritonitis. Prostatitis itself can occur in two forms (like most inflammatory diseases): acute and chronic.
In most cases, it is acute prostatitis that develops against the background of some kind of bacterial infection. However, he may not manifest himself for a long time: if a pet has a constant or intermittent fever, it is bad for him, the cat refuses to feed, the owners quite naturally do not pay any attention to other clinical signs. Accordingly, the disease becomes a chronic form when the disease was not noticed on time and started. And this happens all the time. By the way, the transition of the disease into a chronic form is far from the worst that can happen.
Clinical signs are very variable, and this depends both on the pathogen that caused inflammation of the prostate and on the physical condition of the pet. The most commonly observed symptoms are:
- Lethargy / depression.
- Poor appetite.
- Stressful, heavy urination and bowel movements.
- Intermittent or persistent fever.
- Pain in the abdominal cavity, easily detectable even with mild palpation.
- Bloody discharge from the urethra.
- Tough "walking" walk.
With chronic inflammation of the prostate, the clinical picture is somewhat different:
- There may not be any signs of inflammation.
- Difficult urination, but most sick pets urinate quite normally.
- Bloody discharge from the urethra.
Causes of the disease
As we already wrote, in 90% of prostatitis is caused by the action of pathogenic microflora. Bacteria provoke the development of inflammation. Only the mechanism of their penetration into the prostate of the cat is different:
- Most often, microbes rise from the urethra to the prostate.
- The development of prostatitis is quite likely with septic phenomena, that is, bacteremia. When microbes enter the bloodstream, they can end up in any organ.
- In addition, inflammation of the prostate is a common result of injuries in the inguinal region.
But the causes of this pathology are much more diverse and varied:
- It is known that prostatitis is a frequent consequence of cryptorchidism. With this phenomenon, the testes remain in the abdominal cavity without leaving the scrotum.
- Congenital defects of anatomical development.
- The misuse of hormonal drugs.
There is no pedigree predisposition: all cats are ill equally, regardless of age. Genetic causes of predisposition to prostatitis in animals have not been identified.
The owner must lend the veterinarian all the latest information of interest: when and after which the cat began to feel unwell, for how long he developed symptoms of the disease. All this is important for making the correct diagnosis. Your your veterinarian will perform a full examination of your pet, including standard laboratory tests of blood, its serum, and urine. This is the only way to determine if organs are functioning properly, to determine the presence / absence of infectious agents. In particular, with any form of prostatitis, the number of white blood cells in the blood will increase dramatically.
There may be blood in the urine (hematuria). In cats with prostatitis, blood is often released from the urethra, even when the animal does not urinate. Again, urinating in such a situation is a painful affair, the cat arches its back and yells heartily when visiting the tray. If the prostate is severely inflamed and swollen, it can corny squeeze the large intestine, causing your pet to constantly suffer from constipation.
During a physical examination, rectal palpation of the prostate gland is useful: if it is inflamed, its volume will be increased, which will simplify the diagnosis of the disease. If your cat responds inappropriately, growls and mews hoarsely, the presence of prostatitis can be considered proven. Finally, during rectal prostate massage, a secret is often secreted: it is selected and used both for microscopic examination and for growing the pathogen culture on nutrient media. In addition, a biopsy is indicated, since it is used to obtain material for histopathology and cytological examination.
Therapy, pet care
If the cause of prostatitis is bacterial, a broad-spectrum antibiotic is prescribed to the cat. In severe cases, in addition to this, treatment in a clinic is recommended, since it may well be necessary for surgical intervention. In particular, in severe cases of the disease, when for about two weeks the size of the prostate does not change (or it only increases), castration is recommended.
After removal of the testes, the organ returns to normal in about three weeks. At this time, it is necessary to visit the veterinarian at least once a week, as the specialist must control the size of the body through ultrasound and x-ray studies. In addition, it is recommended to prescribe drugs that block the secretion of male sex hormones, even if castration is not required, and the condition of the prostate gland improves: this makes the cat “insensitive” to the opposite sex for a while, but over time its sexual activity will return to normal. If your pet suffers from purulent prostatitis or prostate abscess, he will inevitably have to undergo surgery. But you can start it only after the condition of the animal is not completely stabilized.
In the case when prostatitis is not complicated by the action of pyogenic microflora, the prognosis varies from positive to favorable.
Important! Until the cat finally recovers, its "novels" should be avoided by all means. For this, in particular, the hormones mentioned above are used that block the function of the sex glands in your pet's body.
The fact is that as a result of mating, especially if the cat is not too "sterile", the penetration of additional amounts of microorganisms into the genitals of the cat is possible. In addition, within about two to three weeks after the final recovery, the secretion of the prostate gland is taken from the animal to prevent recurrence of the disease.
Again, when the slightest doubt arises, it is recommended to castrate the cat: there are many strains of microorganisms that can firmly settle in your pet's prostate. It is extremely difficult to get rid of them, and therefore the likelihood of repeated inflammation of the organ is very high. The main signs indicating the occurrence of prostatitis are difficulty urinating and a stiff gait. If you notice something like this with a sick pet, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Inflammation of the prostate gland in cats is a serious disease that needs to be detected and treated as quickly as possible.