Strong, brave and unusual four-legged Ca de bo is considered a Mastiff, who came to the big world from Mallorca (Spain). However, the appearance and name of the breed, translated as a bull dog, indicates a relationship with the Bulldogs. It is already impossible to fully clarify the history of the breed, since dogs of those times were bred according to the needs of the population of specific territories.
According to the official version, the breed Ca de Beau, which is called the Spanish mastiff, has absolutely non-Spanish roots. The absence of analogue breeds in Spain also confirms this fact. The main pedigree characteristic - a bulldog snack is peculiar only to the old-type Spanish Alan, which is considered extinct. The modern Alans, called the Spanish Bulldogs, are considered guard, shepherd and picky dogs.
It is interesting! Alano is translated from Spanish as "German", which gives reason to think about the non-Spanish origin of this breed.
Back to the Ca de bo, many people remember from the school history course that the area of origin of the breed was for a long time controlled by the UK. Despite territorial remoteness, cultural, material and commercial exchanges between Mallorca and mainland England took place continuously. The British who arrived brought their entertainments to Spain — animal fighting, baiting dogs against bulls and each other. By the 18th century, bloody shows had grown into a fanatical hobby for bullfighting.
Modern bullfighting is a fight between a bull and a bullfighter, in those days the sight was more bloody and dangerous. A desperate daredevil entered the arena with a dog, which was supposed to protect the owner. The island was not replete with dog breeds, there was no need, and the area did not allow it. Greyhounds, hounds, guard and shepherd dogs lived next to people, the latter being in the minority. In Mallorca, unlike in Great Britain, cattle breeding was not popular. Guard Mastiffs quickly died on the horns of a bull due to their slowness, and shepherd shepherd dogs inflicted too heavy damage on the animal than spoiled the show. Thus, the need for pickling dogs was born on the island, which was more than satisfied by the brought Old English Bulldog.
It is interesting! The second name of the breed is Perro Dogo Mallorca, which translates as "dog bulldog from Mallorca."
The origin of the Ca de Beau breed is associated with the shepherd Ca de best ara. It is reliably known that the Old English Bulldog had a vicious and poorly controlled character. The Spaniards crossed the “gladiators” with the shepherds to get a more balanced etching and fighting dog. By the way, interbreed mating was also reflected in the shepherds, Ca de besti ara of tiger color was born. On this, the role of the English Bulldog in the origin of the breed was fulfilled, but only for a certain period. The British, with their inherent maximalism, made of a once strong and healthy dog a decorative breed that does not differ in good health or skills.
The dog breed Ca de Beau continued her gladiatorial lifestyle and was subjected to serious selection. The birth and upbringing of puppies rested entirely on the bitch, which instilled in the breed excellent parental qualities. Puppies of Ca de bo were not guarded from viral diseases, and bitches who experienced problems in childbirth simply died. Aggression towards the owner was considered an unacceptable trait, dogs were simply destroyed on the spot. Caring for the health of the four-legged also did not bother anyone. Ill, wounded in battles, weak and cowardly individuals died without having lived even a year. No matter how cruel it may sound, but natural selection allowed only a few of the strongest, healthy, balanced and smart dogs to survive and give offspring.
It is interesting! The modern Ca de bo is more like the Old English Bulldog than its direct descendants. This can be seen by looking at the photos of English dog handbooks preserved from the XVII-XVIII centuries.
By the end of the 19th century, the natural selection and negligence of the owners virtually destroyed the breed. The livestock of Ca de bo was estimated at several dozens, and dogs were preserved only in a few cattle-breeding farms. To recreate the gene pool, only the shepherd Ca de best ara with tiger color (which had previously participated in the breeding of Ca de bo) and the surviving Old English Bulldogs were used.
It is interesting! During the reconstruction of the breed, the special attention of the breeders was focused on the growth and size of the dogs as a whole. Too compact dimensions indicated the dominance of Bulldog genes; large and tall individuals were already considered to be Caeda best arams. Dozens of dogs and puppies were rejected at the exhibitions, but the selected units successfully continued breeding.
The International Cynological Organization (FCI) entered the breed in the register in 1964, but, to the general surprise of experts, not one of the pedigree representatives had a full pedigree. The Spaniards, who want to achieve recognition, had no choice but to go on cooperation with FCI. By 1992, with the prohibition of bullying animals, the bloody career of the Ca Caudo fighters was over in favor of full-fledged breeding. In Spain, the tradition of an annual inspection has been introduced, which has the strictest selection rules for the best producers, in accordance with the breed standard. It is noteworthy that the title of champion is not awarded every year, but only upon the presentation of a truly worthy dog.
Ca de bo looks like Mastiff and Bulldog. Representatives of the breed are medium in size, very powerful physique and a slightly stretched format. The dog’s behavior is calm, moderately friendly without any alertness or aggression. However, on its territory, Ca de bo acts as a brave guard and a loyal defender of the family. Sexual dimorphism is obvious, the main difference in the diameter of the head. The height and weight of the dogs are fixed in the description of the breed and vary within strict limits:
- Male: 55-58 cm; 35-38 kg.
- Bitch: 52-55 cm; 30-34 kg.
- Head - large and powerful, square format, the diameter when viewed from the front corresponds to (or more) the diameter at the withers. The nape is sloping. The forehead is wide and almost flat. The eye sockets are well developed and distinguished, emphasize the deep dividing groove. The cheekbones are very powerful, due to which the area under the eyes is well filled. The muzzle is wide, slightly tapering to the nose, shorter than the forehead line and slightly upturned, the transition is sharp. The standard does not indicate the desired amount of skin on the dog’s head, so representatives with folds on the face and without them are found. The upper lips are tightened and thick, the lower ones form a fold when the mouth is closed. The lips completely hide the teeth (including the front incisors), should not sag or look sloppy. Pigmentation of the extreme line of the lips is black.
- Teeth - very powerful, strong, grip very strong (grip). Snack with a gap of not more than 10 mm.
- Nose - large, black. Putting a little upturned, which allowed the dogs to hold the bull and breathe freely despite the large amount of blood flowing down the face.
- Eyes - planted bulldogs wide and deep. The shape is oval, setting a little slanting. Eyelids are dense, when viewed from the front completely hide the whites of the eyes. Eyelid pigmentation is black. The color of the iris is as dark as possible in the brown palette.
- The ears - small, rose shape. The ear cartilage is hard at the base, the rest of the ear is laid back, the tip at eye level (or lower) in a calm state. In a wary state, the ears are raised and turned forward.
- Body - rectangular format, but not too stretched. The neck is proportional in length, very smoothly "poured" into the withers, the presence of loose skin in folds is allowed. The back is convex, the line of the croup is slightly higher than the shoulder girdle. The chest is massive, deep, wider than the croup. The back is arched, smoothly turning into muscular thighs. The groin line is more loose than tightened.
- Limbs - thick, strong, absolutely even. Forelegs set wide apart, elbows parallel to body, but not pressed to chest. The shoulders do not stand out, tilted forward, which gives the dog additional stability. The hind legs look more muscular than the forepaws. The thigh is not too long, the knees are at a natural angle, the legs are shortened. The brushes are very strong, rounded with strong fingers and claws. The toes of the hind limbs are longer than the front. Finger pads covered with thick skin, pigmentation in the color of wool or black.
- Tail - powerful, fairly thick, even, tapering to the tip. At rest, it is lowered between the legs, in operation it is slightly bent and raised to the line of the spine.
Type of coat and color
The coat is short, tight-fitting, rather coarse. As with most pickling species, in Ka da bo, the main protective function was performed by the skin. Preferred colors:
- Brindle - as dark as possible, although marble individuals are also found.
- The black.
- Fawn or red - preferably saturated and deep. This type is often called deer color.
Note! White spots are allowed in the color (not more than 30% of the body area), but only on the forepaws, muzzle and chest. A dark mask is also acceptable on the muzzle, as in the Mastiffs.
Character and training
Despite the formidable appearance, the character of Ca de bou deserves only praise. An excellent security guard, without hesitation protecting the territory, property and family members, turns into a source of tenderness after "work". The breed is not prone to aggression and shows its fighting qualities only when it is really necessary. The tales of the evil Ca de bo in fact stem from improper upbringing, the lack of socialization or the intentional development of anger in dogs. Moreover, representatives of the breed with congenital mental disorders are prone to passive, cowardly, and not aggressive behavior.
The experienced owners of Ca de bo, when asked about the flaws, call waywardness. The breed really has a peculiar, persistent and independent disposition, which is exacerbated during the period of sexual hunting and transitional age. Even a small puppy who decides that the master's bed is more comfortable will show maximum tenacity in upholding his opinion. The disadvantages of the Ca de Bo breed are the amount of time and patience that you will have to spend in fostering a real personality.
Advice!If you do not plan to breed dogs, sterilize your pet before the first sexual hunt. Elimination of sexual instincts will greatly facilitate upbringing and eliminate a number of behavioral problems.
After receiving the basic vaccination, the puppy must be actively socialized, since the baby must learn to build relationships, and not dictate his opinion. Having found a company with four-legged suitable dimensions, you can safely entrust the education of a tomboy to more fearful dogs. However, be careful, especially if you choose a male, because even a six-month-old baby is able to enter into a serious fight, if he considers it necessary.
Any shortcomings of the Ca de bo should be eliminated diplomatically, without the use of physical force and humiliation. Unlike the breeds that like to curry favor, Ca de bo "is ill" with his loyalty and will make any sacrifices for the sake of the owner. A well-bred breed representative can be considered a reference member of a four-legged society. The official description of the breed describes the Ca de bo as an ideal member of the family and this is true. Four-legged animals love children very much, get along well with other pets, and tolerate guests if the owner does not express concern.
The breed learns quickly and with pleasure with the right approach. If you have experience, the basic training of Ca de bo at home is very real. Many breeders recommend taking a guard-guard course to teach the ward to use their skills. The problems with obedience should be resolved without delay, since the Ca de bo who felt the slack must take advantage of this, and given the size of an adult dog, troubles cannot be avoided.
Maintenance and care
The average size of the breed suggests both apartment maintenance and living in a house with a fenced area. With a territory entrusted, the Ca de bou partially compensates for the need for physical activity. Outwardly a heavy dog, in fact, is very active and agile, so when kept in an apartment it takes a long walk. A calm temperament allows you to walk your pet in the company of dogs, which gives additional discharge during games.
Ca de bo are not prone to salivation, which increases their advantage as an apartment pet. Hair care is quite simple, as with all shorthair breeds. To maintain a solid appearance, the dog is cleaned with a massage brush several times a week. Many owners who are afraid of the appearance of a "dog smell" bathe their pets almost every week, which creates a problem for themselves. Each bathing violates the integrity of the fat coat of the hair and skin, the epidermis begins to release lubricant more actively, which leads to rapid contamination and the appearance of an undesirable smell. Wash your dog only when it is really necessary, use protective clothing during inclement weather, properly feed your pet and you will not come across a hated odor.
Note! For swimming, it is recommended to use specialized shampoos for wire-haired dogs.
Eye and ear care is mediocre. The anatomical structure of the dog minimizes the risk of inflammatory diseases. For prevention, ears and eyes are inspected daily and cleaned as needed. Teeth need more painstaking care. As a result of a snack, a dog develops plaque and stone more quickly. Preventive cleaning in a clinic will keep your pet's teeth to a very old age. The claws are usually abraded naturally, but are shortened with a guillotine claw if necessary.
The main "burden" for caring for a dog is proper nutrition. Breeders recommend feeding Ca de bo high-quality industrial food or natural, but dietary food. Particularly reverent is the need to feed a puppy whose weight is increasing quite quickly. The constant threat of joint deformation should be monitored by both the owner and the veterinarian. When feeding with natural products, throughout the entire period of active growth, the dog should receive vitamin top dressing and trace elements. During the period of the tooth change, it is recommended to strictly monitor the dosages of trace elements, since a lack of calcium can affect the quality of the bone.
Remember!Calcium supplements should not be given all year round! Be sure to consult your veterinarian before taking supplements. The doctor will advise you on several vitamin complexes that you can alternate.
Rarely enough, but it happens that Ca de bo is allergic. In this case, you will either be able to identify an intolerable product, or you will have to transfer the pet to a lifelong diet with hypoallergenic food. It is also unlikely that your pet may have a weak gastrointestinal tract. The problem is fraught with constipation or intestinal upset.To eliminate inconveniences, the dog is transferred to dietary food (based on rice or buckwheat), and the food is fed in an exceptionally warm, crushed form.
As mentioned above, long-term natural selection positively affected the quality of the breed as a whole. The life expectancy of the Ca de bo is 10-15 years, against the background of a minimal tendency to acquired diseases, the breed stands out against the background of Bulldogs and Mastiffs. Good health is not subject to the common (for large breeds) threats of cardiac dysfunction, which makes dogs long-lived. Ca de bo has a tendency to:
- Joint dysplasia - the pathology may have a genetic or acquired cause. When buying a puppy from the kennel, you can require documents for the examination of the parents and litter for dysplasia. The disease is expressed in degenerative changes in the joint tissues, which leads to a change in shape or a violation of the integrity of the joints (most often the pelvis and elbows suffer). Unfortunately, the pathology is incurable and is accompanied by severe pain. Depending on the stage, medication and supportive therapy or surgical intervention for the purpose of artificial reconstruction of the joint is used as a treatment.
- Food allergy - the reaction of the dog’s immunity to foods that are not absorbed by the body. The phenomenon can be expressed versatile - salivation and lacrimation, itching, indigestion, hair loss, various skin reactions.
- Gastrointestinal sensitivity - can not be called a disease, rather a tendency to inability to assimilate foods that are difficult to digest.