What to do if a dog has constipation? Is it possible to treat a pet with folk remedies or is it better to use medicines? In what cases is self-medication strictly contraindicated? We'll figure it out below.
Complex therapy - without which the treatment of constipation will not be effective
Each owner must understand that treatment at home without consulting a veterinarian is always fraught with risks and complications. For effective and proper first aid in case of constipation in a dog, it is necessary to clearly understand the reasons for the violation of the digestive process.
Important! If you doubt the accuracy of the diagnosis, it is better to contact a veterinarian who can conduct a comprehensive examination.
Constipation can have different causes, develops against the background of an unbalanced diet or serious pathological disorders. If the dog has developed constipation, against the background of which there are no other symptoms or a sharp deterioration in health, you can try to help with folk remedies.
Most often, constipation occurs against the background of a lack of water in the dog's body. Try to enrich the pet’s diet with water, transfer it to liquid nutrition and partially replace the water with a solution of Regidron. Caution must be exercised with a Regidron solution, since an overdose is fraught with an increase in the load on the kidneys.
Dogs are happy to absorb liquid food. From fermented milk products to your pet you can offer kefir, fermented baked milk, whey, yogurt, yogurt or cottage cheese, diluted with milk to a liquid consistency. You can saturate the body with liquid using a broth, in which crushed meat is added. Raw eggs can be used as a source of fluid, protein, and fat.
Most dogs enjoy vegetables boiled beets It has a mild laxative effect. If the dog is not used to consuming beets, the product must be administered in small doses. As a natural laxative can be considered raw liver (chicken or beef), oily ocean fish or fish fat. Flax or olive oil must be added to each serving of food.
Important! With a sharp change in diet, the dog’s body can go into a “savings” mode, which will make the owner consider the therapy ineffective. If you do not notice any positive changes in the first hours, continue therapy anyway. However, the slightest signs of intoxication are an occasion for an urgent appeal to a veterinarian.
Against the background of an increase in fatty diets and the introduction of laxative products It is necessary to increase physical activity on walks. It is important to choose exercises that do not force the dog to strain the peritoneum. Make your pet run or walk at a brisk pace. Jumping and pulling weights are strictly prohibited.
During the treatment, to eliminate constipation in the dog, it is important to control stress. Being in a state of monotonous stress, the body slows down the metabolism, which leads to an aggravation of the state of the animal. Provide your pet with maximum comfort and peace when he is in the home. If there are children in the family, try to control their communication with animals. If the dog leaves and tries to sleep, it’s best not to disturb her.
Advice! When treating constipation in a pet with folk or medication, almost all manipulations are associated with stress. The animal should be treated by a family member whom the dog trusts the most.
When providing independent assistance to animals, it is necessary stick to the do no harm principle. Closely monitor changes in the condition of the pet and consult your veterinarian if you notice the following symptoms:
- Nausea, vomiting - Symptoms indicating the development of intoxication.
- Ammonia breathI - indicates acute renal failure, which can develop on the background of intoxication.
- Anal inflammation - indicates damage to the walls of the intestine or blockage of the paranal glands.
- Decaying blood or mucus coming out of the anus - May indicate the development of viral pathology or bleeding in the intestine.
- Body temperature change - an increase in temperature indicates the excitation of immunity and the development of infectious pathology. A decrease in body temperature indicates a breakdown, severe intoxication or a necrotic process.
- Discoloration of the mucous membranes - pallor and cyanosis may indicate a violation of the means. Intense pink or red gums indicate an increase in basal body temperature.
- Instead of feces, mucus comes out of the anus. (sometimes mixed with feces) is a sign of acute constipation, which is often confused with diarrhea.
- Stools in the form of dense, dry balls - A symptom of chronic constipation, which develops as a sign of a more serious, systemic disorder.
- Abundant bowel movements with moist, shapeless fecesand - indicates intestinal atony, that is, the loss of its contractile activity and emptying only upon overflow.
Treatment of constipation in a dog at home is strictly not recommended if the pet gave up water, looks apathetic or very weak. You can do without going to the doctor if constipation is due to the treatment (dysbiosis), recent birth, stress or old age.
Treatment of constipation in dogs with folk remedies
Among folk remedies, for the treatment of constipation in domestic animals, a suspension prepared from condensed milk and water is in the lead. The components are mixed in equal proportions and are soldered to the dog every 30-40 minutes, 3-4 times a day. Such a suspension cannot be given to a healthy animal, as it will lead to the development of diarrhea. With constipation, condensed milk with water helps to saturate feces with moisture and their natural exit from the animal.
Most owners know that pet constipation can be treated with liquid paraffin. The drug is considered safe, because it passes through the body of the dog in transit and is not absorbed. After getting into the intestine, liquid paraffin envelops its walls, preventing the absorption of water. Water that lingers in the intestines is absorbed into the stool, softening them.
Vaseline can be used in two forms: oil and candles. For an average dog, the maximum dosage of oil should not exceed 50 ml at a time. The oil is evaporated every 1-2 hours, no more than 5 times. Typically, bowel movements occur after 2-3 doses.
Vaseline suppositories are inserted into the anus. For small dogs, the candle is previously divided into two parts. Candles are administered with a frequency of 1-2 hours, but, like their oil, it is not recommended to use them more than 5 times. Defecation may occur 2-3 hours after the first injection of the suppository.
Many experienced pet owners know that they have a laxative effect. pumpkin. Usually, dogs are happy to take a sweet medicine in its raw form. If the dog is not accustomed to eating vegetables, the pumpkin can be steamed and mixed with cottage cheese. In addition, boiled beets, raw liver and vegetable oil have a laxative effect.
Tip: if the dog refuses dietary products, chopped sunflower seeds can be added to the food imperceptibly. Refined, non-fried seeds contain enough oil and fat to relieve recent constipation.
It is often used in the treatment of constipation. glycerol. As an independent drug, glycerin is almost powerless, but against the background of diet and increased physical activity, it is quite effective. In addition, after applying glycerin, for a more comfortable and faster elimination of constipation, it is recommended to conduct a cleansing enema.
Enema as a way to treat constipation in a dog
As a treatment for constipation in a dog, an enema with pure water or with the addition of oil is quite effective. If you can’t guess for what reasons constipation started, it’s best not to use any enema supplements.
All preparations must be made in advance. For an enema, you will need moisture-absorbing diapers, napkins, disposable gloves and the solution itself. All manipulations are preferably carried out indoors. Because during an enema, the dog will feel the discomfortmost likely she will try to get up and run away. To prevent escape, secure your pet in advance with a collar and leash.
For an enema, the dog is laid to one side, although some animals can withstand the procedure in a standing position. The enema nose is liberally lubricated with petroleum jelly and inserted into the anus, no deeper than 2.5 cm. After the introduction of fluid, the nose of the enema is carefully removed. The tail of the dog must be pressed to the anus and held for at least 1-3 minutes.
After the manipulations, there are three options for the development of events:
- Quickly bring the animal out into the street, as most dogs will restrain bowel movements, knowing that such actions in the home are prohibited.
- Place absorbent diaper under the pet.
- Put a diaper on the dog.
Note! After an enema, most animals can not restrain their bowel movements, so a bowel movement can happen before going out. Be prepared for such consequences and in no case do not scold the dog!
After an enema, if defecation has not occurred, the dog can be done massage of the abdomen. To stimulate peristalsis, it is necessary to stroke the abdominal cavity clockwise with easy palpation. If in response to pressure you feel gurgling in the intestines, then massage helps.
After the dog has an empty bowel, carefully examine the stool. There should be no scarlet blood in the feces! Small clots or threads of clotted blood are the consequences of damage to the walls of the intestine during the movement of feces.
After a cleansing enema, bowel movements can last for 2-3 hours. If during the indicated period nothing has come out of the intestines of the animal except water, it is urgent to consult a veterinarian. Most often, the absence of bowel movement after a cleansing enema indicates a blockage or inversion of the intestine.
Medication for treating constipation in a dog
What to do if folk remedies did not help eliminate the dog’s constipation? Mild agents may indeed not have the expected effect if constipation lasts more than 2 days, because the stool has become too dry. Such constipation can be acute or chronic and must be stopped with a safe medication.
Without the appointment of a veterinarian, in a regular pharmacy, you can purchase many laxatives. Be careful, since most drugs have a wide range of contraindications and side effects. To treat a dog without a veterinarian, only relatively safe laxatives can be used, the use of which is fraught with side effects, only in case of individual intolerance.
With inversion or blockage of the intestine, the use of any laxatives is contraindicated. Intestinal inversion - This is an acute condition in which an organ loop overlaps. A fragment of the intestine, deprived of blood supply and nutrition, dies, which leads to a necrotic process and sepsis.
When the intestine is blocked, the lumen is literally closed by a stopper. Blockage most often occurs after ingestion of a foreign object or regular eating of bones. Bowel blockage is treated with medication, but if the manipulations do not help, veterinarians recommend resorting to surgery.
Note! Without the intervention of a professional, to distinguish constipation from intestinal obstruction or intestinal obstruction, it is possible only with the help of radiography with a contrast medium.
A relatively safe tool that is considered non-toxic and has no side effects is Microlax. The drug is packaged in mini enemas and sold ready for use. When treating dogs, the drug is not recommended if the pet suffers from gastritis, colitis or peptic ulcer.
The drug has no contraindications, since it consists of natural components. After the introduction of an enema, the active substances saturate the stool with water and increase intestinal motility. More active work of the intestine leads to the release of a larger volume of mucus and simplifies the movement of feces to the anus.
In the instructions for Microlax, dosages are calculated for the treatment of people. When helping a dog, dosage is calculated by weight. Large dogs are given the entire volume of the enema, medium (weighing 10-15 kg) 2/3 of the volume, small dogs and puppies are given a children's dose.
Note! There is a special mark on the Microlax tube indicating that half of the drug has been administered.
For the treatment of constipation in a pet at home without the intervention of a veterinarian, a lactulose-based laxative can be used. The most popular medicines in this series are Dufalac and Lactusan. The drugs are available in the form of a thick sweet suspension. Active substances are saccharides, similar in structure to lactose.
Dufalac or Lactusan is non-toxic, is not absorbed in the intestines and does not interfere with the absorption of nutrients from food. When treating dogs, the dosage is calculated based on the proportion 0.5-1 ml per 1 kg of weight animal. The larger the dog, the greater the proportion.
After the first dose of lactulose, an animal may experience an allergic reaction. The fact is that some dogs suffer from lactose intolerance. If after taking the drug, the pet has nausea, vomiting or other suspicious symptoms, treatment should be stopped. With a normal body reaction, the drug is repeated 2-3 times a day. After resuming defecation, treatment is continued for another 1-2 days.
Note! In case of an overdose of Dufalac, the dog may experience diarrhea or dehydration.
Quite often, constipation in dogs occurs against a background of dysbiosis. If your pet has been treated with antibiotics, underwent surgery or in severe stress, against the background of prophylaxis against constipation, he needs to be given probiotic preparations. The dog can get beneficial bacteria from special feed additives, natural fermented and fermented milk products.