Diabetes, along with oncology and cardiovascular pathologies, is deservedly considered the "plague" of our time. But only few people know that this terrible pathology can be detected not only in people, but also in their pets. The "finishing touch" in her case is a diabetic coma, which it is extremely rare to get an animal out of. Because of this, you need to know more about methods to prevent such a terrible outcome.
Cats and dogs with diabetes need ongoing care. Unlike people suffering from this disease who can check their blood sugar, animals have to rely entirely on their owners. The only way to prevent coma are regular vet checks and insulin.
How common is diabetes in animals? Some veterinarians suggest that one in 1,200 cats / dogs may become ill. At risk are old as well as overweight animals. What is the general “meaning” of diabetes?
For any of a variety of reasons, the pet’s body stops producing the insulin necessary for glucose uptake. Without this substance, the animal’s body begins to use its own fat and protein to synthesize energy, as a result of which under-oxidized metabolic products massively accumulate in the blood, including chemically pure acetone.
A high level of "untreated" glucose in the blood leads to frequent urination and increased thirst - so the body fights with excess carbohydrates, trying not to fall into a hyperglycemic coma. By the way, despite the presence of type 2 diabetes (“non-sugar”), in the end, the cat or dog will still need insulin injections.
The first thing you need to pay attention to is constant, frequent urination at the cat or doggie. It happens that sick animals urinate on the spot, cats pee past the tray. The pet literally sticks to the water, drinking two to three times more than its usual norm. The appetite also changes, but in a radically opposite way - your favorite either stops eating at all, or eats, but very little. Very quickly, the animal begins to lose weight, as the fatty and muscle tissue of the body will be used by him to generate vital energy.
Note that even the only medicine, that is, insulin, is extremely dangerous in case of an overdose. In this case, the cat or dog may leave in hypoglycemic coma. If the glucose solution is not administered intravenously in time, the pet will surely die.
Important! Diabetic coma in animals begins with sharply arisen weakness, paws tremble in the animal, increased salivation (hypersalivation) may be observed, and the pet’s eyes are “empty”. These are symptoms that he is about to lose consciousness. In this case, assistance should be provided within a few minutes, as it is almost impossible to get the cat / dog out of a coma!
What can the owner do
If you observe something even remotely similar in your pet, call your veterinarian immediately. To prevent it from “falling through”, smear the gums of the animal with sugar syrup or honey, you can give a candy. The ideal option is a tablespoon of sugar syrup. Sucrose is a fast carbohydrate. It is instantly absorbed through the mucous membranes of the mouth, helping to avoid hypoglycemic coma.
When your pet feels better, in no case try to feed him. You need to do this after an hour and a half. You can also add a little syrup to your food. Watch your pets closely for the next few hours: it is possible that his body wasted its last carbohydrate reserves on an “emergency start”. In general, in such cases, it is advisable to immediately take your pet to the clinic for blood tests. Let us recall once again that diabetic coma in cats and dogs is practically not treated. It must be prevented by all means.
Your veterinarian may need to adjust your insulin dose to better control your blood glucose. For this, within a few days the animal urine and blood tests are constantly taken. If the owner has at least some skills, he can do it at home so as not to take the animal to the clinic, not to expose it to unnecessary stress.
Once again we repeat that a diabetic coma in dogs and cats almost always ends in death, and you need to constantly monitor the weight of your pet, the amount of food consumed, the volume of water. If a pet weighs more than the norm, then a proper nutrition program will help him lose excess. Normalization of body weight positively affects the overall dynamics of the disease. With diligent care, a four-legged family member can stay healthy and live for many years after being diagnosed with diabetes.