How to treat white worms in dogs: drug table, dosage, prevention

Light yellow or white worms in dogs are intra-intestinal parasites, similar to worms or tape. They primarily affect the intestines and stomach, but some penetrate the liver, bloodstream and are carried throughout the body. If you believe the statistics, then every third pet suffers from helminthiasis. Typical symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, rapid exhaustion, and sometimes cramping. Deworming is carried out with special drugs.

Infection pathways

Causes of helminthiasis, despite the variety of parasites, they fit into several main ways of infection:

  • Through the mouth. The most common way. Dogs can eat helminth eggs or larvae along with raw meat or fish, grass, land, twigs, and also when the animal drinks water from natural sources.
  • From insects. In particular, helminths carry fleas. Infection occurs through the blood (with a flea bite) or when eaten by animals. Cutaneous parasites usually carry cestodes.
  • From the mother. There are two options: through the womb and with milk. To prevent this, the female must be dewormed before mating. Infection occurs due to eggs or larvae that live in the blood of an animal.

The influence of worms

Helminths feed at the expense of the host organism, while being foreign to it. Due to the alienness of the helminth, the animal’s immunity attacks its body, inflammatory reactions develop, and the temperature rises. However, in most cases, the dog’s body strength is not enough to destroy the parasite.

Helminths are also characterized by the fact that their body functions differently, as a result, the products of their vital activity are very different from what the animal’s body is used to. In other words, the waste products of the parasites are highly toxic, which is why in some cases the symptom of poisoning comes to the fore.

Most helminths are attached to internal organs with hooks, mouths with teeth and not harmless suction cups. All this leads to numerous injuries and bleeding, inflammatory processes, tissue degeneration. In addition, many helminths parasitize not in the digestive tract, but in the heart, lungs, liver and other vital organs.

Types of Worms

All intra-intestinal parasites are divided into three large groups in shape and structure.

Trematodes (flukes). They are so called because they are attached to the internal organs with the help of suction cups. They are characterized by high fecundity and relatively small size.

Alariosis Small helminths with a length of 3-4 mm affect mainly the intestines. The pet becomes infected by drinking from natural sources of water (rivers, lakes, streams).

Signs of infection:

  • diarrhea and constipation;
  • lack of appetite;
  • weight loss;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • temperature increase;
  • cough.

Recommended drugs:

  • Hexychol.
  • Arecolin.
  • Politrem.

Opisthorchiasis. These worms are slightly longer - up to a centimeter. The source of infection is fish. Affect the liver, pancreas, gall bladder.

Signs of infection:

  • enlargement of the liver, pancreas, gall bladder;
  • diarrhea and constipation;
  • pain on palpation of the abdomen;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • temperature increase;
  • jaundice.

Preparations:

  • Hexachloroparaxylene.
  • Hexachloroethane.

Paragonimiasis. Egg-shaped worms with one suction cup about 12-13 mm in length. The source is the meat of infected animals. Using suction cups, they are attached to the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.

Signs of infection:

  • cough;
  • diarrhea;
  • allergy;
  • vomiting, sometimes with white foam;
  • temperature increase;
  • cramps.

Preparations:

  • Praziquantel.
  • Triclabendazole.

Cestodes (tape). They got their name because of a long and flat body (like a belt or tape). The body is segmented into segments that carry many eggs. The tape itself is not the body itself, but only a reproductive organ.

Therefore, when deworming, it is very important that not only the tape comes out, but also the head end of the worm - scolex.

Diphyllobothriasis. Diphyllobotria can reach 10 meters in length. The source of infection is meat and offal of raw fish. Due to the large size, a huge amount of toxins is released in the digestive tract, as a result, the dog develops poisoning.

Signs of infection:

  • tight stomach;
  • bloating;
  • diarrhea or constipation;
  • vomiting
  • decreased appetite;
  • weakness, exhaustion.

Preparations:

  • Cestal.
  • Bunamidine.
  • Cestex.
  • Rental.

Dipylidiosis. Infection occurs with the help of blood-sucking insects (when the dog eats them). Adults can be up to 30-40 centimeters in length.

Signs of infection:

  • lack of appetite;
  • diarrhea;
  • vomiting
  • lethargy, apathy;
  • cramps.

Preparations:

  • Praziquantel.
  • Arecolin.
  • Fenasal.

Echinococcosis. Short worms up to a centimeter in length. They live in the intestines of dogs. Due to the small size and low breeding rate in adult dogs, infection may be asymptomatic. Puppies do not tolerate the disease, all the signs are similar to the symptomatic picture of dipylidiosis, but the clinic is more acute.

Preparations:

  • Bunamidine.
  • Rental.
  • Lopatol.
  • Cestex.

Nematodes (round). They are similar to earthworms, but differ in white color.

Hookworm. Relatively small worms are only 1-2 centimeters long. Infection occurs through wounds, as well as when a dog eats raw meat. Although they live mainly in the intestines, they feed on the blood of the host.

Signs of infection:

  • anemia;
  • lethargy;
  • blood in the stool;
  • diarrhea.

Preparations:

  • Mebendazole.
  • Praziquantel.
  • Fembendazole
  • Pirantel.

Toxascardiosis. Toxascaridia are light yellow or white long worms (up to 8-10 cm). Penetrate the body of a pet through grass and soil. Affect the liver, gall bladder, intestines. Puppies are most affected by these helminths; in adult dogs, the disease can be asymptomatic.

Signs of infection:

  • diarrhea;
  • vomiting
  • lack of appetite;
  • anemia;
  • cramps
  • lethargy.

Preparations:

  • Fembendazole
  • Pirantel.
  • Mebendazole.
  • Ditrazine

Toxocariasis. Toxocaras are even longer (up to 20 cm) light yellow worms. Penetrate the host in the same way - through the ground and grass. But the main site of infection is the liver, heart, and lungs.

Signs of infection:

  • weight loss;
  • lack of appetite;
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea;
  • pneumonia and pleura;
  • cough;
  • shortness of breath
  • cramps.

Preparations:

  • Ditrazine
  • Mebendazole.
  • Pirantel.
  • Fembendazole

Dirofilariasis. Miniature helminths, which can only be viewed under a microscope. The heart is affected, due to which signs of insufficiency appear on the ECG, and when listening, pathological noises are detected. Due to the similarity of the disease to heart failure, it is often incorrectly diagnosed, as a result of which the disease often ends fatally.

Signs of infection:

  • temperature increase;
  • lethargy;
  • weight loss;
  • noise during auscultation of heart rhythm;
  • peeling and inflammation of the skin;
  • swelling on the legs and lower abdomen;
  • itching and bruising on the body.

The disease is treated special preparations: selamectin or stronghold.

Anthelmintic drugs

Most drugs act against all types of helminths, but their effectiveness is very different. In addition, there is a difference between means for adult animals and for puppies.

Deworming rules

If you do not follow the rules, you can worsen the condition of the pet until death. Therefore, when deworming, you must adhere to the rules:

  • Anthelmintic drugs should be prescribed by a veterinarian.
  • Use the product in accordance with the instructions.
  • For puppies, it is better to buy special children's preparations, for adult pets - appropriate medications.
  • After the vermifuge, if worms leave the body with vomiting or feces, then after 10-12 days you need to spend a second, and so on several times, until the parasites cease to leave the animal.
  • Before deworming, fleas and other cutaneous parasites are excreted in all domestic animals.
  • 14 days before routine vaccination or mating, mandatory deworming is performed.
  • Puppies carry out the first scheduled treatment strictly for 2-3 months of life, not earlier. Of course, in the presence of helminths, deworming can be carried out at any time.
  • Depleted pets, as well as animals with an affected liver, do not have deworming. First, symptomatic therapy is prescribed and the dog's condition is improved.
  • Some medicines need to be fed with a small amount of food, others should be given on an empty stomach. Check the correct use according to the instructions for the drug.
  • Helminths that emerge from a dog are immediately destroyed in boiling water or thrown away, especially for live worms.
  • It is best to give the drug on weekends, in the morning. And in the afternoon you need to monitor the condition of the pet, if it worsens - immediately to the veterinarian.
  • Signs of intoxication include vomiting, excessive salivation, cramps, paralysis, dilated pupil, fainting, or loss of consciousness. With these signs, it is necessary to give Enterosgel or any other adsorbent, and then immediately take it to the veterinarian (for a dropper).

Helminthiasis Prevention

The value of prevention lies in the high probability of infection with helminths and a large number of problems in their elimination. To reduce the risk of catching worms, a number of rules must be observed:

  • It is necessary to clean the shoes and not allow the pet to play with it, as some helminths penetrate the body with the ground (including dirt on the shoes).
  • The animal must not be allowed to pick up and eat on the street.
  • It is necessary to prevent attempts by the dog to drink from streams, rivers, lakes, any other open reservoirs.
  • The muzzle will be able to help in the implementation of the two previous points, it must always be worn on the dog.
  • Dogs sometimes eat grass (to replenish trace elements), this should not be allowed, vitamins and trace elements must be replenished in a timely manner with the help of drugs.
  • All puppies are dewormed for 2-3 months of life, then at six months and a year.
  • You can’t feed a dog raw meat, fish, unwashed fruits and vegetables.
  • Every year, and preferably 2-3 times a year, scheduled deworming should be carried out.

Watch the video: symptoms of worms in dogs. symptoms of heartworms in dogs : signs of heartworms in dogs (February 2020).

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