The amazing Mount Cat is located twenty kilometers from Yalta. At the foot of the resort village of Simeiz. From the top, a magical beauty opens up overlooking the Black Sea, sanatoriums and pensions, dozens of hotels, restaurants and bars, an aqua park, and Dream and Ksenia villas. But the most fascinating is hidden among the juniper thickets, densely covering the slopes of Mount Cat.
About a million years ago, Mount Cat was part of the main ridge of the Crimean Mountains. Apparently justifying its name (well, cats don’t like crowds), it separated from the whole massif and started moving to the seashore, which, according to geologists, continues today. Already in the first century BC, the mountain in the form of a cat was inhabited by tribes of Taurus - a sullen, unsociable people, farmers and cattle breeders who lived in small isolated groups. Today, walking along the "back" and "sides" of a rocky cat, you can see dolmens - the oldest stone burial grounds in the Crimea. And reaching the "tail", you find yourself in a cemetery - more than a hundred dolmens, dilapidated, almost gone underground, and majestic, made of stone slabs weighing more than a ton.
At the beginning of the XIII century, a castle was erected on the mountain, called Limena-Kale. At its base is masonry, whose age is about two and a half thousand years. It was a grand defensive structure, fortified not only man-made, but also by nature itself - sharp cliffs, cliffs, stone blocks, towers. Then Mount Cat in Crimea protected the settlers from the raids of enemy armies, reliably sheltering the inhabitants behind impregnable walls. Even the dilapidated walls that have survived to this day are impressive: the length is almost one hundred meters, the height reaches three meters (once it was five), and the width is two meters. Inside were residential buildings, baths, barns and other structures, the traces of which were almost worn out by time.
A hundred years later, Limena-Kale was destroyed. However, the cat-shaped mountain did not cease to serve the local population - now the walls of the once majestic castle saved the shepherds and their cattle from the weather. The peculiar stone paddock was so convenient that people began to call Mount Kosh-Kai (herd - "kosh" and rock - "kaya"). Now, it’s as if the mountain itself notified everyone in the district: “I’m a cat, well, pay attention to my forms!” And they turned: the resemblance was noticed, and the historical name was transformed into a modern one, so attractive for lovers of eco-tourism.
For Mount Cat in Crimea to live up to its name, you need to admire it from a distance. A stone predator, lurking, watches the waves: either trying to catch a fish, or is afraid to get wet. The ears are pointed, the back is slightly arched, the tip of the serpentine tail is hiding somewhere among the streets of Simeiz. You can get to the observation deck by bus or by personal transport. Not far from the motorway is the observatory - a historical place from where in 1959 the Luna-3 spacecraft was controlled. Fans of extreme sports can entertain themselves by climbing or exploring one of the caves, full of surprises and dangers. You can take a walk along one of the paths of Mount Koshka, running among rare species of trees: dandruff pistachio, wild strawberry, tall juniper, fluffy oak. Underfoot stones, forbs, mountain flowers. And all around, wherever you look, there are magical views from which your heart stops beating, and your feet themselves carry you further, for the next turn.
Watch the video: Climbing in CRIMEA. Simeis, east side of Cat (February 2020).