Many people know why cats need a mustache. With their help, they can not only smell, but also touch the surrounding world. Therefore, many owners want to know why a cat and a cat mustache break and fall out, what to do in this situation. We will consider each of the questions in more detail.
Why does a cat have a mustache
Pet lovers need to know that the nature of the cat has a periodic change in mustache, and be able to distinguish this natural phenomenon from pathology.
The elongated hairs of interest to us, called vibrissa and, however, wear out, fall out. Moreover, this has nothing to do with molting. After losing the old hair, a new one grows in its place. Sometimes a cat may lose its mustache due to its own carelessness and curiosity, becoming interested, for example, in a bright light.
The cats winning the cat showdown demonstrate their superiority and supremacy in the yard, gnawing vibrissa to the opponent. The maternal instinct tells cats that by biting off the mustaches of the spoiled kittens, you can calm them down and keep them close to you.
Why do hairs fall
If it’s not the next change of hard hair, then why does a cat have a mustache? This is a question that inexperienced owners often ask on the net. There is a loss of vibrissa due to disturbances in the animal's body, so it is important to recognize the symptoms in time and take action
Increased thyroid activity
Hypothyroidism is commonly found in cats in old age. This disease affects all body systems and leads to increased metabolism. In addition to the loss of mustache, other signs are observed with it:
- the properties of the coat deteriorate;
- the animal is hyperactive and noticeably nervous;
- appetite increases with weight loss;
- the pet experiences increased thirst, which it constantly strives to satisfy;
- sometimes there is diarrhea and vomiting.
Dermatological bacterial infections and the presence of parasites
The roots of the mustache, compared with the roots of the fur, are located quite deep in the skin. From all sides they are enveloped by nerves, blood vessels and sensitive muscles. The development of a bacterial infection of the skin or the multiplication of parasites in the front of the head often explains why a cat has a mustache. Such pathologies, accompanied by intolerable itching, are easily detected during the initial examination of the skin.
Sugar (diabetes insipidus)
These disorders of the hormonal system lead to a change in metabolism. Diabetes mellitus in cats of middle and old age usually give out signs such as increased thirst and frequent urination, excessive appetite against the background of general exhaustion of the body. The pet needs immediate help, otherwise the condition of the patient worsens, and the loss of the antennae, in comparison with other problems, will already be imperceptible.
Food allergy and non-food allergic reaction
The feline organism, like the human one, can react to some foods quite unexpectedly. The loss of mustache and hair, accompanied by itching, redness of the mucous membranes, excessive salivation and discharge from the eyes - a condition caused by the manifestation of an allergic reaction.
Non-food allergies can be triggered by a variety of chemicals, certain plant species, and other items that appear in the cat's habitat. To determine what exactly caused the rebellion in the body, it is sometimes very difficult, you have to act by exclusion. The course of treatment will require the use of antihistamines.
When any ailment appears, the metabolism in cats accelerates to make itself felt both at a young and old age. The arising pathologies manifest themselves by a rise in temperature, irregular heart rhythms and other changes in the general condition.
In any case, there is no need to think for a long time why the cat has a mustache - what to do in this situation will be explained in detail by a specialist of a veterinary clinic.
Why mustache breaks
Do not rush to panic if the pet sometimes breaks off his mustache.
Often this phenomenon is caused by hereditary factors. In representatives of some cat breeds, for example, in sphinxes, vibrissae break according to the orders of the capricious nature-inventor.
Among the unnatural, the following are the most common causes:
Lack of vitamins.
Vitamin deficiency is sometimes the root cause of why a cat's mustache breaks. To tell the owner that the purr is missing some minerals, other signs help:
- woolen hairs fall;
- the claws look painful and brittle;
- a foul smell comes from the jaws.
Often, pets suffer from a lack of taurine (due to the rare presence of meat products in the diet) and collagen, because they cannot get it on their own. A gradual decrease in the level of collagen in the cat's body can lead to irreversible changes and explain why the cat's mustache breaks. What to do when this problem is detected, every professional breeder knows. Constantly replenish stocks of this precious element allow special vitamin and mineral supplements.
An unbalanced diet.
Another reason why a cat has a mustache breaks off is the presence in the diet of unsuitable products for the animal, an overwhelming amount of fish, cheap finished food. In the absence of other symptoms that indicate serious illness, an incorrect feeding system may be the only explanation for the loss of vibrissae.
A variety of fungi, penetrating into all skin layers, also affect the hair follicle, which becomes clogged, which prevents the mustache from germinating; or damage the structure of the vibrissa, which leads to its breaking off.
Infection with parasites and helminths.
The body to fight parasites throws all its forces. Forgotten antennae break from lack of attention. Often the vibrissae of the whipworm, settled in their hair follicles, gnaw through.
The whiskers also become brittle due to the multiplication of helminths in the body. Worms literally intercept useful nutrients on the way to feline organs, and besides, they constantly poison and weaken the body in the process of their life.
Sometimes pet lovers wonder why kittens break off a mustache. The answer is simple: the tendrils break and fall out of all the little fluffies in adolescence. Having a consultation with a veterinarian, you can help your pet survive this difficult time.
What to do if the animal began to drop vibrissa
Having noticed a similar problem, each inexperienced owner wonders why the cat has a mustache, what to do and how to help it. When hair loss is a rare and transient phenomenon, there is nothing to worry about. Frequent and profuse loss and fragility of the mustache is an occasion for an early visit to the veterinarian.
Ignoring the problem can lead to serious complications during the development of some diseases. Therefore, after making an accurate diagnosis, treatment should be started immediately in order to manage to save the pet not only and not so much from the loss of a mustache - sometimes even from a fatal outcome.
If during the examination and conversation it is revealed that the wrong feeding system was the cause of the mustache loss, the veterinarian will help to adjust the new balanced diet.
A mustache that has returned to its previous shape will be living evidence that restoration changes are taking place in the cat's body.
How to prevent a mustache
In order for the cat to wear a magnificent, stiff and healthy mustache to your joy, measures must be taken to prevent their loss:
- regularly rinse and treat the cat's hair from parasites;
- develop a diet suitable for the pet and a feeding regimen;
- eliminate possible allergens in time;
- follow the schedule of vaccination against viral infections;
- undergo preventive examinations;
- do not prescribe self-medication;
- ensure that vitamin preparations are always available;
- provide good care and suitable living conditions.
All novice breeders need to understand that a cat cannot be trimmed with a mustache. Without them, it will be difficult for the animal to navigate in the street and at home at night. Pulling the cat's mustache is a habit that the owner needs to get rid of so as not to cause the pet unnecessary inconvenience.
Following these recommendations, you are unlikely to panic looking for the answer to the question of why a cat's mustache breaks or individual hairs often fall out.
Still have questions? You can ask them to the veterinarian of our site who will respond to them as soon as possible in the comment box below.