One of the questions that pet owners are interested in is the following: are worms transmitted from cats to humans. However, it is not always possible to reliably determine what types of worms are dangerous to humans and how likely is it to become infected with them, what transmission methods exist.
What could be the risk of infection with worms
It should be borne in mind that infection with this type of worms is a serious disease and can lead to unpleasant consequences and prolonged treatment, both for a pet and for a person.
The main danger is that human infection cannot always be determined immediately. and carriers can be not only cats, but also dogs. In addition, these are parasitic organisms, they not only live on human or animal resources, but also the results of their vital activity significantly pollute the organism in which they live.
The main manifestations that a person may experience if you have an infectious cat live:
- the occurrence of digestive disorders;
- allergic reactions;
- skin rashes;
- damage to the central nervous system.
However, such reactions occur rarely enough and, as a rule, a person is not always able to diagnose an infection, even if it happened relatively long ago. The main symptoms that appear in a cat when infected with worms are:
- general lethargy;
- lack of appetite;
- digestion disorder;
- manifestation of chronic diseases.
A particular danger lies in the fact that they multiply very quickly, and the presence of only one individual in the human body can lead to rapid reproduction, since one female can lay more than 1,000,000 eggs under favorable conditions for reproduction. An animal can become infected with worms, not only in direct contact with the carrier, but also in the use of insufficiently processed foods, contaminated water or through animal and insect bites.
Types of Worms in Cats
Round worms that live mainly in the intestines of a pet. They are most prevalent due to the asymptomatic course of the disease, its complex development process. The eggs of such worms in a cat can be in the body for several years, and at the same time do not develop due to the fact that the cat has strong immunity, the drugs that were given for deworming were effective, but not enough.
Such parasites in a cat continue to parasitize even after taking the drugs, if the instructions for their use were violated. This species is quite dangerous for the animal, but not for humans, it can be infected by cats directly in contact with larvae, for example, walking on infected soil.
Such worms parasitize in the intestinal epithelium, attaching to it and producing a large number of eggs, which instantly spread through the gastrointestinal tract and can parasitize even on the central nervous system. The most common worm is called cucumber tapeworm, wide tape and other types of cestoids.
This is the third type of worms that live in almost all organs of the animal, most often affect the liver. They significantly affect the animal’s body, and a pet becomes sluggish in the presence of such a worm, so they are easy to diagnose. A cat can become infected by eating meat or offal that has not been sufficiently cooked.
Worms of all these species can be infected from a cat, but this is extremely rare, and at the same time, a person will not always notice the presence of worms, and the pet will be able to show the first signs that the worm parasitizes only after spreading throughout the body.
Are worms transmitted from cat to person
It is worth noting that not all types of worms can be infected from a cat. The likelihood of infection is low, because it is officially recognized that a pet can only transmit diseases such as giardiasis and toxoplasmosis.
Although these diseases are not dangerous to humans, they may necessitate long-term treatment.
The transmission of worms does not always occur as a result of contact with saliva or animal excrement. You can get infected from your cat by stroking it if there are the following types of worms on the wool:
- roundworms, the eggs of which can live on the cat’s hair for a long time, and if you play with your pet and don’t wash your hands immediately after contact with the animal, you can get infected if eggs get into your mouth;
- a person can also become infected with worms called echinococcus. A rather rare variety of worms and, as a rule, dogs that eat unprocessed meat are sick with them. The larvae of this parasite can also live on the animal’s hair and are transmitted when cleaning the tray;
- enterobiosis. Some types of worms are transmitted mainly to children. As a rule, they are sick with a cat that walks outdoors and can bring larvae on its paws or wool.
A person can become infected with worms if the following conditions exist
- inadequate hygiene;
- lack of timely diagnosis and prevention;
- if the pet walks in the open, and after he arrives home, the person does not bathe him using special means;
- if the animal gets raw meat and meat products.
Is it possible to exclude human infection
Worms from cats to humans are rarely transmitted. However, it is impossible to completely exclude the probability of this process. Therefore, the most effective method will be timely prevention, compliance with the minimum hygiene requirements. It is recommended to resort to several methods to prevent infection.:
- Do not contact stray animals;
- timely deworming;
- regularly disinfect the tray and bowl of the animal;
- wash hands after playing with a cat and before eating;
- in case of suspected infection with worms, consult a veterinarian and choose the most effective method of diagnosis and treatment;
- take medications to prevent not only animals, but also humans.
If all these simple rules are observed, it is possible to completely eliminate the likelihood of infection and transmission from a cat to a person. At the same time, your pet will always be healthy and active. It is necessary to study information about parasites that can settle both in the body of your animal and in humans.
It is worth noting that there are types of parasites whose larvae can penetrate the human body even through the skin, for example, nematode larvae. If there are small children in the house, it is recommended to completely exclude contact not only with the bowl, but also with the animal’s tray, as well as the floor next to it.
Timely disinfection and compliance with hygiene rules will completely eliminate infection for both a child and an adult. Do not panic if your cat begins to behave strangely or refuse to eat, very often this may not be a sign of illness, but simply a change in mood in your pet.