Fungal infections in cats are fairly common diseases. Spores of pathogenic fungi are carried by air and, if the animal’s immunity is weakened, quickly lead to the development of the disease. It is very important for the owners to know the symptoms and treatment of the fungus in cats, since only if the treatment is started on time can the problem be eliminated quickly and serious harm to the pet’s health is prevented.
Fungal spores are always present on the skin of cats, and even a pet that does not go outside the apartment has them. Being present in the animal is normal, spores do not develop and do not lead to the appearance of a problem. If there is a violation of the skin condition, then, in addition to treating the lesion, therapy is also needed to increase immunity. When a cat lives in the house, the budget must necessarily include an item of expenses for its treatment, if necessary.
The main types of fungal infections
All fungal diseases in cats are divided into 2 large groups.
- Parasitic on mucous membranes and skin.
- Systemic - affecting systems and organs. Even a fungal infection of the central nervous system can occur. It is extremely rare in cats. More often affect the body of dogs and can take their lives.
In this condition, the skin of the sick cat turns red, areas of baldness and scratching appear on it. The treatment of the disease should be started immediately after its discovery.
Common symptoms of fungal infections
Despite the fact that fungi affecting pets are very diverse, there is a general symptomatology that is characteristic of all types of lesions by them. Common signs of fungal infection in cats are as follows:
- prolonged scratching of the same place;
- pressing the neck;
- head shake;
- loss of appetite;
- general depression;
- peeling of the skin;
- dullness of the coat;
- small rashes on the skin filled with a clear liquid.
With systemic fungi, the condition of a sick animal quickly worsens, it rapidly loses weight and symptoms of disturbance in the functioning of one or another organ are manifested.
In the event that the pathology could not be detected in a timely manner, the cat may die.
When an ear fungus occurs, cats have permanent scratches behind the ear. In a severe case, the fungus can penetrate the middle ear, and this will cause otitis media and an abundant flow of sulfur-purulent masses from the ear canal.
Only the veterinarian can accurately determine the type of fungus and how much it will affect the cat’s body. For this reason if such a disease is suspected, immediately show the animal to a specialist. This is the main condition for complete cure in the animal and prevention of infection of the hosts.
Diagnosis of the disease is carried out only in a veterinary clinic. Do not listen to friends' advice on what remedy to take to get rid of the fungus, since many fungi are dangerous for humans, and the lack of timely and adequate therapy will negatively affect the owner.
The necessary treatment of fungus in cats is determined only by a specialist. In order to identify the type of fungus that affected the cat, the veterinarian takes a skin scraping at the site of the lesion. What kind of infection is taking place is determined very quickly, after which the right medicine is selected.
When there is a powerful laboratory in the veterinary clinic, they not only determine the type of fungus, but also determine which type of medication it will be most sensitive to. Thanks to this, it is possible to carry out therapy with the most effective antifungal drugs.
How is skin fungus treated
Therapy of fungal diseases is long. It is unacceptable to arbitrarily end it, deciding that the pet is completely healthy. Only a doctor can cancel the reception of funds, since only analyzes can accurately determine whether the causative agent of the disease is completely destroyed or still partially remains in the tissues and the untreated animal becomes ill again.
If the cat's lesion is especially severe, not only ointments and gels can be applied, but also injections and droppers. Very often, washing a pet with the use of special medicinal shampoos, which contain miconazole, is also prescribed.
The following drugs are usually prescribed to treat fungal infections.:
- Sulfuric ointment;
- antifungal vaccines;
- clotrimazole ointment,
- potassium iodide.
In cases where the fungus is systemic and there is a lesion of the liver, kidneys of the lungs and nervous system, the use of the antibiotic amoxicillin is indicated. It can be administered by injection, which for owners who do not know how injections will be difficult enough due to the high density of the drug, or administered orally. The medicine for injections is purchased in a veterinary clinic, and for oral administration in a human pharmacy, according to the prescription of a veterinarian.
Fungus in the ears
In cases where the fungus in the cat’s ears is diagnosed correctly, it is easy to treat, albeit for a long time. After the cat is examined by a specialist and the presence of fungus is detected, the auricle is mechanically treated, during which complete cleaning is carried out.
For a cat, this procedure is unpleasant, although not painful, and therefore, considerable efforts are required from the owner to keep her raging pet.
After the ears have been cleaned, special antifungal drops are instilled into them, which the owner must subsequently inject for a certain time, strictly following the recommendations. A noticeable improvement in the condition of the cat is noted after several days of therapy, since the itching is removed very quickly. Full recovery usually occurs after undergoing treatment for 2-3 weeks.
If the owners have discovered a fungus in a cat or they have suspected it, it is not worth self-medicating, but it is important to deliver the pet to a good veterinary clinic as soon as possible.
Sometimes the owners of the animal use traditional methods of treating the disease, which is a big mistake, since they can cope with only a few types of fungi, and in other cases they only damage the already inflamed and injured skin of the animal.
First of all, preventive vaccinations should be used once a year to prevent the onset of the disease. Also, to maintain the health of the animal, it is important to provide him with good nutrition, sufficient physical activity and quality skin care with regular washing at least 1 time in 3 months and no more than 1 time in 2 months, unless otherwise indicated.
Since any cat can even become infected with a fungus, even living only in an apartment, it will not be superfluous to regularly inspect the body of the animal to identify the beginning of the formation of bald spots and weeping wounds. The cat needs to be cleaned at least once every 10 days.
The fungus can be contagious to humans, and therefore one should not underestimate the severity of this disease and ignore the first manifestations of this pathology in a cat.