Domestic cats with their appearance bring peace and tranquility. Become friends for children and silent interlocutors for adults. In psychology, there is a whole branch of the science of treating various diseases with the help of cats. And along with all the positive aspects, with them comes an allergy to cats. People can live next to cats all their lives, and then suddenly get sick. It turns out that allergies are a very common disease that affects adults, children and even the animals themselves.
Causes of Cat Allergies
The causes of allergies to cats are many, some of them are:
- Various manifestations of allergic reactions are a hereditary disease. If parents have symptoms of an allergy to a cat, then with almost all confidence we can say that the children will also be sick;
- Of great importance is age. Children least protected from various allergenic irritants. Therefore, they are at a greater risk of contracting allergies to cats than adults;
- Frequent and protracted chronic diseases, polluted ecology and poor-quality food, weakening of the immune system leads to an allergy disease;
- Infection of the body with helminths, which were not taken out in domestic cats on time. The worst thing is that even a very small child can easily become infected. This happens if someone from his environment came into contact with a sick cat, and then did not wash it well, or did not wash his hands at all.
Studies have shown that cats, kittens and cats are the largest carriers of allergens than dogs. Moreover, many are mistaken, believing that it is the animal’s hair that is allergenic. In fact, saliva, urine and dead skin particles of cats cause various allergic painful reactions of the body.
Cats are big lovers for a walk on the street. It is from their walks that they bring pollen, poplar fluff, road dust to the wool. After such walks, the cat is allergic.
Symptoms of a cat allergy
Our body gives a variety of reactions to the appearance of an allergen inside it. It could be:
- The most common cold, which is often confused with colds. And while a person is taking treatment for a cold, an allergy to a cat progresses;
- Nasal sinus congestion, which is also perceived by many as a cold or simply hypothermia of the body;
- The eyes begin to watery, itching and redness appear. Such symptoms can be confused even with conjunctivitis and, again, take the wrong treatment;
- Frequent shortness of breath, signs of suffocation, and difficulty breathing are some of the symptoms of an allergy to cats. These may be manifestations of bronchitis. And if there are cats in the house, then an allergy to them cannot be ruled out;
- There are attacks of dry cough, especially at night, then the allergy progresses most. Or wheezing and whistling in the lungs - this is an allergy to cat hair in adults;
- The throat becomes inflamed, the tonsils swell and hurt, as with a sore throat, it hurts to swallow, it is difficult to speak and breathe;
- The nervous system is destroyed, sleep is disturbed, a state of loss of strength appears.
You can not ignore all these symptoms, otherwise without taking treatment on time, allergic asthma may appear. In rare cases, allergies to cats lead to Quincke's edema.
Many often overlook the signs of allergies to cats because they consider allergies to be spring sickness. This is all a wrong, erroneous opinion. This disease haunts a person all year round.
At the first suspicion of an allergic reaction of the body, you should immediately seek help from a doctor allergist. It will be necessary to be examined, to find out the causes of the allergic reaction of the body. After all, this is not just protection against allergenic irritants. This is a bell, a warning about a very serious disease.
It is sad, but once sick with an allergy, one will not be able to get rid of it forever. But to significantly alleviate the condition of the body during periods of exacerbation and strengthen the immune system is always possible. After all, an allergy to cats, like all other diseases, necessarily needs prevention and treatment.
Symptoms of allergic manifestations on kittens
Small fluffy lumps also cause allergic reactions of the body, like their adult parents. Since they are the most playful, and after hanging out with kittens, scratches often remain on the hands. First of all, you need to wash your hands well, and treat the scratched place with hydrogen peroxide or any alcohol tincture. And then observe the reaction of the body.
If itching appears in the affected area, redness around the wound or various kinds of rashes, and blisters may appear, then this is most likely an allergy to the kitten.
Small kittens from their mother can become infected with helminths, and pass their eggs on pieces of wool to their owner. Which will necessarily lead to allergic reactions.
Allergic reactions to kittens do not necessarily occur immediately; they may come after some time..
In general, it is generally accepted that kittens are more hypoallergenic than adult cats.
Rules for the behavior of allergy sufferers with cats
If someone from the home is still allergic to cat hair. And the beloved pet already lives in the house, and besides, it is a hypoallergenic breed. Anyway, do not need to lose vigilance and follow the following rules, in order to avoid exacerbation of allergies to cats:
- At any time of the year, in any weather, it is necessary to ventilate the room. Do it in the morning, at lunch and in the evening. It will be enough to open the window for only five minutes;
- As little as possible, collect things in your house that cling to dust and cat hair (soft toys, furniture ottomans, carpets, curtains, down and feather pillows and blankets). If such interior items are present in the home, they should be cleaned as often as possible;
- It is advisable to purchase furniture in the house with a leather coating, which is easily wiped with a damp cloth;
- To clean all personal belongings and clothes, bed linen in cabinets so that cat hair does not cling to them;
- Contact the cat as little as possible, and after each squeeze with your pet, wash your hands and wash your face. It would be ideal to change clothes so that the whole next day particles of hair do not irritate the human body;
- Every day it is imperative to carry out light wet cleaning of the home with the addition of special tools. Also vacuum, clean, and moisten the air. After all, nothing scares allergens so much as fresh air and a clean, moist room.
Try to accustom the cat to your separate, equipped bedroom. So that they do not enter the bedroom at all, and even less so that they are combed out on the bed of their owners.
The same applies to the space reserved for cats for stool. If the animal is not walking, in order to prevent the spread of allergens in the apartment, they are also present in the urine of animals. It is necessary to put the toilet tray in a specially designated room, it is desirable that it be well ventilated, and cleaned there as often as possible.
If signs of an allergy still appear, preventive measures should also be taken with tailed households.:
- Every week, buy a cat with special shampoos and hypoallergenic products under running water. If it is an ordinary shampoo, it can, on the contrary, cause peeling and skin irritation in the animal, which will lead to an exacerbation of allergies to it;
- In addition to swimming, cats need to wash their faces every day.
- Review and balance the cat's diet. Food should not cause vitamin deficiencies, allergies, hair loss in the animals themselves, so as not to provoke an allergy in the owner to their animal;
- Be sure to regularly undergo a routine examination of the animal and be vaccinated against helminths and other parasites;
- Castrated cat in terms of allergies is the least dangerous, so the owners resort to such a procedure so as not to get rid of the fluffy lump of happiness.
As you know, females are also the least allergenic. Cats with light hair are less likely to cause allergic reactions.
Methods for treating cat allergies
After contacting the clinic, appropriate examinations will be carried out. Be sure to test for allergenic irritants. Maybe the cat has nothing to do with it.
Allergies are treated with medication. The doctor prescribes tablets and sorbents, or recommend antihistamines creams and gels. You can buy them at any pharmacy, in the public domain, without a doctor’s prescription. With more severe signs of cat allergy, or pill intolerance, an immunotherapy course may be prescribed.
Many successfully cope with the symptoms of allergies to cats, resorting to traditional medicine, using various herbal teas and decoctions.:
- Nettle leaf decoction - helps to cleanse the blood, stops the spread of allergen in the body, removes unpleasant symptoms. Drink the prepared broth before meals, half a tablespoon, four times a day. To prepare it, you need a tablespoon of dried nettle leaves, pour into a saucepan. Then pour a liter of boiling water and simmer over very low heat for no more than five minutes. After, insist for an hour. Store the cooked broth in the refrigerator.
- A decoction of flowers of field chamomile - used as lotions, and for washing with various types of rashes and soothing itching. Pour 50 grams of dried grass into a liter jar and pour boiling water to the top. Cover with a lid or towel and leave to infuse for about an hour. Use the prepared broth three times a day.