Among human diseases, gastritis is on the list of the most common diseases. However, the same picture is observed among the friends of our tetrapods - inflammation of the gastric mucosa is again leading. As in humans, gastritis in dogs causes a number of unpleasant symptoms, can provoke complications and requires compulsory treatment.
Causes of gastritis in dogs
The causes of inflammation in dogs are practically the same as in humans, with the exception of alcohol and smoking. If in humans the most common causative agent is Helicobacter pylori, then what causes gastritis in dogs? The main factors that act as provocateurs of this pathology are:
- poor diet, poor or monotonous food - according to statistics, more often, inflammation of the stomach affects dogs that eat cheap dry diets that do not meet the needs of the animal;
- eating food that is not suitable for a dog's diet - sausages, sausages, sweets, smoked meats and other goodies are extremely harmful to dogs;
- worm infection - the larvae of some parasites live on the mucous surface of the stomach, sticking to it, they secrete toxic substances that irritate the surface of the organ;
- allergic reactions;
- dental diseases and their treatment - such diseases are often accompanied by severe pain syndrome, which provokes the production of glucocorticosteroids, and those, in turn, enhance pathological processes in the stomach, this happens when the patient is treated with teeth without anesthesia;
- disruption of the endocrine system;
- other diseases in a chronic form;
- the use of certain medications.
Acute inflammation can occur after the animal eats stale food, recovers or swallows a foreign body. Also, a non-steroidal therapy is a factor. Often there is secondary gastritis, which develops against the background of other pathological conditions, for example, liver diseases.
Elderly animals that have a toothache, partially or completely missing teeth, often suffer from chronic inflammation. The reason for this condition is their inability to chew food thoroughly, the dog swallows large pieces. Gastritis can be "earned" by a pet who is fed hot or, conversely, excessively cold food.
In dogs with long hair, gastritis is diagnosed more often than their short-haired counterparts, and there is a reason for this - they often get hair that has lumped in lumps and pieces of undigested food in their stomach. Such regular irritation of the mucous tissue can cause surface damage and the development of inflammation.
At risk are ill-bred pets who eat different garbage, including not always edible. Foreign objects that enter the stomach may very well cause gastritis.
The acute form of the disease is accompanied by more severe symptoms, develops rapidly, and it will not be difficult for the owner to understand that his pet is sick. Chronic gastritis is slow, its symptoms may not be too noticeable or blurry.
Symptoms can occur all at once, but more often only some of them are observed. The main manifestations of inflammation of the gastric mucosa are as follows:
- pain in the stomach - almost always occur with gastritis; if the pain is severe, then the dog begins to whimper; with palpation (palpation) of the peritoneum, it can significantly increase;
- refusal of food or loss of appetite - the dog may not touch food at all or leave most of it in a bowl;
- a significant decrease in activity - the pet is reluctant to go for a walk, refuses games and other interactions, does not fulfill the command; constantly strive to retire, and when lying down, it practically does not change the chosen position;
- violation of the act of defecation - with increased acidity of the patient’s gastric juice, constipation is tormented, with a low - diarrhea; if the feces become dark, then we are talking about gastric bleeding;
- the dog is sick, vomiting occurs - the erupted contents of the stomach may have a mucous or bloody impurity;
- the surface of the tongue is covered with a whitish coating.
Acute gastritis may be accompanied by severe thirst, excessive salivation (salivation), and signs of dehydration. Often the patient's temperature rises, while in a chronic disease this symptom is not.
There are several forms and types of disease, characterized by an increase or decrease in the acidity of gastric juice. This, to a greater extent, necessitates a mandatory visit to a veterinary clinic. Only a doctor can prescribe appropriate therapy based on the results of the tests.
Primary care for acute gastritis includes the following activities:
- the first day the animal is recommended to starve;
- gastric lavage is prescribed, but without drugs that cause vomiting;
- after a hunger strike for 2 days, the pet should be given rice or oat mucous broth, you can add a raw chicken egg, after which other products are gradually introduced;
- if signs of dehydration are detected, then the dog is given droppers with saline, glucose solution, etc .;
- when the dog is suffering from diarrhea, treatment includes the use of fixing agents, with constipation - laxatives;
- do enemas with a warm fluid, until the fluid released is clear, without pathological impurities;
- to relieve the four-legged patient from pain, the veterinarian prescribes drugs with anesthetic, antispasmodic, analgesic effect;
- antibiotic therapy - is carried out if the analysis revealed the presence of pathogenic microflora or an infectious pathogen.
With gastritis of any form, the mucous membrane of the affected organ suffers, it needs protection and recovery. For these purposes, the pet is recommended to take antacid drugs - Almagel, De-Nol, Phosphalugel, etc.
If the inflammation is caused by helminthic invasion, then, first of all, it is necessary to carry out deworming, thereby relieving the dog of uninvited guests, and only then begin the treatment of gastritis. In some cases, animals suffering from gastritis are admitted to the veterinarian already in a condition exhausted by the disease. Then they are additionally prescribed vitamin-mineral complexes.
Dietary nutrition for gastritis
Inflammation of the stomach requires compulsory diet, this applies to both people and pets:
- when feeding a dog, you must adhere to the regimen;
- at first it is better to give the pet mucous dishes of a mushy consistency, it is advisable to grind the meat, grind the vegetables to a puree state;
- in the period of exacerbation, it is advisable to refuse ready-made diets and consult a veterinarian about this matter - quite often owners have to transfer the dog to other, specialized diets or natural food.
The following products that can cause an exacerbation of the disease fall under the ban:
- caustic vegetables - radish, onions, garlic, radishes and dishes with them;
- raw vegetables and fruits, which are sources of crude fiber;
- fatty meats;
- smoked, spicy, salty, pickled, fried foods.
Cooking for the dog follows a steam method, or boiling. It should be fresh, without spices, seasonings or artificial ingredients.
Gastritis is a common ailment that can cause all sorts of complications. And if the owner really cares about the health of the pet, then he must at the first sign of the disease go to the veterinarian and treat the four-legged friend, according to the appointed plan.